Turkey’s Presidential Elections: Comprehensive Details on the Second Round Today

Today, Sunday, Turkey will host the second round of presidential elections, in which the current president of the country, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, will compete against the candidate from the opposition Alliance of Nations, Kamal Kılıçdaroğlu.

According to the Turkish constitution, the head of state is the de facto ruler of the country, and he is elected through direct elections, taking place simultaneously with parliamentary elections.

A presidential candidate must have a higher education and be at least 40 years old. The term of office of the president is five years. The same person cannot be elected president more than twice in a row. If the parliament decides to hold elections before the end of the second presidential term, the incumbent president can become a candidate again.

In the 2023 elections, Erdogan put forward his candidacy for the presidency for the third time, and the Turkish Ministry of Justice considered his candidacy legitimate, since after the adoption of amendments to the constitution regarding the introduction of a presidential form of government in 2017, Erdogan participated in the elections only once, so in 2023 he may again participate in the elections.

It has the right to nominate candidates for the presidential elections, parties that received at least 5% of the vote in the recent parliamentary elections, as well as political unions. The same person cannot be a candidate for the post of speaker and deputy of the House of Representatives. A political party or group can nominate only one presidential candidate.

On Election Day, voting takes place from 8:00 am to 5:00 pm, and Turkish citizens who have reached the age of 18 and are registered in the voter register are eligible to vote. Military personnel, military officers, cadets, arrested and convicted, held in places of deprivation of liberty do not have the right to vote.

Each voter votes personally at the place of residence. Citizens living abroad also have the right to vote at Turkish embassies, consulates and representations.

The winner of the election is the candidate who receives the absolute majority of votes. If no candidate receives an absolute majority of votes, a second round is held within two weeks. The two candidates with the highest percentage of votes in the first round run in the second round. The candidate with the most votes becomes president. If one of the candidates refuses to participate, his place is taken by the next candidate according to the number of votes received in the first round. If only one candidate participates in the elections, the voting is held in the form of a referendum. A candidate is considered elected if he receives the support of the majority of voters. If there is no majority, a second vote will take place within 45 days.

In the May 14 round, Erdogan received 49.51% of the vote, his main rival Republican People’s Party leader Kemal Kilicdaroglu – 44.88%, and ATA Alliance (Ataturk Alliance) candidate Sinan Ogan – 5.7%.

Source: News

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